Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)

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What Is Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever?

Of dengue fever are infectious diseases caused by viruses. Known for various types of the virus that causes dengue fever, but in Indonesia there are only 2 types of viruses that cause dengue fever and dengue virus Chikungunya virus. Among the two types of viruses that are in our country, dengue virus is the most important cause of hemorrhagic fever. Therefore, dengue fever, as we know the exact name of dengue hemorrhagic fever, according to the name of the virus that causes.

Dengue virus as the cause of the disease dengue hemorrhagic fever, is a very small microorganisms that can only be seen by electron microscopy. The virus can only live in a living cell, then for the sake of survival, viruses must compete with human cells are occupied primarily for protein needs. If a person immune to the virus infection is low, as a result tissue cells will become damaged if the virus has evolved a lot of the organ function is good, it will recover and emerge immunity against dengue virus had entered the body.

Dengue dengue fever through the bite of a mosquito Aedes aegypti. Mosquitoes that transmit the disease is an adult female mosquitoes. Female mosquito takes blood from humans or animals to live and breed. If in the vicinity of the nest of mosquitoes found someone who was ill dengue fever dengue fever dengue mild or severe. When good body resistance and the virus is not malignant, the degree of illness is not severe. Conversely, if low body resistance like in children, the disease is dengue infection can be severe and even be deadly.

Like other viruses (eg influenza, measles) patients most children recover on their own, whether treated or not treated because the disease is self-limiting viral disease. Thus, infectious diseases caused by viruses have a uniqueness that is sudden, the disease will continue despite treatment, and eventually will heal by itself depends on the resilience of people affected by the body. So, what's the point treated? Actually that is treated as symptoms arising 'caused by' the virus that ended symptoms of fever, shock, or bleeding, because until now there has been no drug that can kill dengue virus, the other hope is made of dengue vaccine, which until now still in the research stage and not yet released.

Affected Anyone Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a disease that is always there throughout the year in our country, so called endemic disease. This disease shows an increasing number of people infected every 4-5 years. Age groups are often affected are children aged 4-10 years, although it can also about babies under 1 year of age. Lately, many of the young adults aged 18-25 years. Men and women are equally affected without exception.

How to live mosquitoes especially the female mosquitoes that bite in the morning and afternoon, presumably is why young children are prone to dengue fever. Aedes mosquito that likes the shade, protected against the sun, and the smell of humans, therefore, a toddler who still need to sleep in the morning and afternoon is often the target of a mosquito bite. Mosquito nests than in the house, also encountered in school, especially when it was dark and damp classes. The next target is school children in the morning and afternoon at school. Besides the mosquito Aedes aegypti is happy living in the house, there are also Aedes albopictus mosquitoes that can transmit the disease dengue hemorrhagic fever. Aedes albopictus mosquitoes living outside the home, in the shady garden, so that school age children may also have been bitten by mosquitoes the gardens during the day when being played. Durability factor of immature kids like adults, probably also a factor why the children were exposed to dengue hemorrhagic fever disease than adults.

In urban areas, the mosquito is very easy to fly from one house to another house from the house to the office, or public places such as places of worship, and others. Therefore, even adults become the next target after the children. Especially young adults (18-25 years) in accordance with the activities of this group during the day outside the home. However, in general, dengue hemorrhagic fever disease is lighter than adult children.

Initial symptoms

Clinical symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever at the beginning of the disease (fever days 1-3) can mimic other illnesses such as strep throat, measles, and typhoid. Symptoms that distinguish one another with the accompanying symptoms of dengue fever symptoms as listed above.

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