Recognize the symptoms of heartburn

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Authors: Arie Yulianto, dr.

Maybe you've heard the term "Gastritis" and even the majority may have suffered from the disease. Lay people know him heartburn. Do you know how prevention and treatment?

What is it heartburn?

Gastritis derived from the word meaning gastric ulcers. Gastritis is an inflammation (swelling) of the gastric mucosa, which can be caused by irritation and infection. As we know, the stomach is a digestive organ in the human body that serves to store food, digest and then drain into the small intestine. Inside the hull there are digestive enzymes like pepsin, gastric acid and mucus to protect the stomach wall itself. If there is an imbalance among these factors eg excessive acid or mucus is reduced, it can irritate the stomach wall causing inflammation process (Gastritis). Also irritation can also be caused by drugs (aspirin, NSAIDs), alcohol, chronic vomiting and poisons. Infection can be caused by bacteria, most Helicobacter pylori. H.pylori colonize the deepest layer is the protective mucosa lining of the gastric mucosa and impairs their function as protectors. In some cases it can cause ulcers (ulcers) that may increase the risk of gastric cancer.

What are the symptoms of heartburn?

In acute cases, symptoms that often appear usually is a pain in the pit of the stomach, nausea, vomiting, no appetite, bloating, weight loss, sore or burning pain in the upper abdomen that can become better or worse when eating. While usually asymptomatic chronic if there is only a mild pain in the upper abdomen and feels full or loss of appetite.

How treatment of heartburn?

Gastritis Treatment depends on the cause. In many cases, reduction of gastric acid with the aid of medication is quite helpful. Antibiotics are only used when there are indications of bacterial infection. The use of drugs that irritate the stomach also had to be stopped. Other treatments are also necessary when complications arise or result other than gastritis.

Drug categories in gastritis

* Antacids: neutralize stomach acid and relieve the pain
* Acid blockers: helping reduce the amount of stomach acid produced, eg, ranitidine
* Proton pump inhibitors: stop production of stomach acid, such as omeprazole
* Cytoprotective agent: protecting the gastric mucosal tissue and small intestine, for example Sucralfate
* Antibiotics: destroy bacteria, such as Amoxicillin, Metronidazole

How to prevent heartburn?

Until now there is no easy way to healthy life free of heartburn in addition to improving lifestyles and eating habits.
Here are some suggestions:

* Set a good diet and regular (Avoid fatty and greasy foods, eat plenty of fibrous food)
* Avoid beverages containing alcohol
* Exercise regularly
* Stop smoking
* Avoid the use of drugs, especially that irritate the stomach (aspirin)
* Reduce stress because stress can trigger stomach acid expenditure


  • Kapita selekta kedokteran. Mansjoer, Arif et al, editor. Ed 3. Jakarta : Media Aesculapius, 2000.
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